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Church security is essential to the professionalism that helps churches grow and proctively protect their members. Don't wing it. Here are 15 best practices from police and fire professionals.
May 7, 2019
Churches are full of well-intentioned, good-hearted people.
But your church isn’t automatically safe.
Every time a group of people gathers, there are church safety concerns.
Do you have a protocol in place for how to handle each of these church security issues?
Pastors care deeply about the health and safety of their congregation.
This is why church leaders should not leave the safety of their members in the hands of chance.
If you are on your church’s leadership team and your church doesn’t have a safety team with strategic protocol in place, then establishing best practices for church security guidelines safety should become a priority.
Here are the 15 best practices you need to take to do your minimally sufficient diligence in protecting your church.
In writing this post, I'd like to thank Sgt. Tom Weger and Cpt. Chad Abel of Proguard Security for supplying their critical law enforcement and fire professional insights.
Wherever you have a group of people gathering, you have the potential of an incident to occur—whether that be a conflict, medical issue, or mental health issue.
There needs to be a plan for an emergency situation and personnel who can take operational control when an incident occurs to execute that protocol and minimize the risk of real harm.
Don’t tell yourself: “We have police as members of our church. I’m sure they’ll do something if an emergency occurs.”
Don’t roll the dice with your church’s safety by failing to plan for undesirable incidents.
As church leaders, it falls on you to mitigate harm to your congregants—not by being the security officer, but by delegating to church volunteers or staff who are trained and competent to put a team and protocol in place for common potential incidents.
Building your church safety and security team requires getting buy-in from three groups of people:
You must have all three in place to have success.
The church staff will administer the security team; the police and fire professionals will help get the team built and trained; the volunteers will assist in executing the safety and security protocol at each event.
No single person can manage the security of a church.
Each group must understand what their specific roles and responsibilities are.
Many churches assume that safety and security fall under “facilities,” but church safety and security require their own special designation. Just like you wouldn’t trust your plumber to give you a health plan; you shouldn’t make the janitor the automatic security officer simply because he is “responsible for the building.”
If you have a small church, ask police and fire professionals in your church to create a plan, vet that plan, and oversee the team.
The chances are that police and fire professionals in your church already have safety and security observations about the church.
4. It’s not your church security team’s job to be the police
The church security staff exist to take operational command during incidents that need immediate attention.
However, these staff members should also write in their incident protocol to contact on-duty law enforcement.
Then, on-duty law enforcement officers would take over operational command when they arrive at the church.
Ideally, in emergencies, your church security staff should serve as a way of preventing and deterring as much harm as possible between an incident and the arrival of on-duty police and fire professionals.
Most people who want to volunteer for the church security staff are good people with good intentions.
Nevertheless, you should run a background check on every single member who serves on one of these staff or volunteer positions.
Running these background checks is a way of demonstrating to the church that you take the moral and professional integrity of your security team seriously.
Requiring background checks will make people feel safer, and it will add a layer of trust and unity to your security team.
Failing to run background checks on church security staff and volunteers is itself a failure of proper security protocol, and is not optional.
Oh, and by the way, with Tithe.ly Church Management, we make it super easy to keep up-to-date on the background checks for your staff and volunteers.
The pastor does not have incident command—the security team does. The security team decides when to evacuate the building.
That’s not the pastor’s call.
The police and fire professionals who have been tasked with overseeing the church safety and security team should designate who has incident command, in what situations certain personnel should take incident command, and why that particular individual is taking incident command.
For example, if you have a fire professional on your team, this person will be tasked with taking command in a fire situation.
Alternatively, if you have a security issue, this might be designated to a police professional on your team.
Again—it is important to note that the pastor shouldn’t take incident command in these situations. He may communicate things on behalf of the security team, but he should not be tasked with overseeing or commanding security protocol in the middle of an event.
Work with your pastor to develop scripts for the pastor to say from the stage if a mid-service emergency occurs.
This script should communicate urgency while avoiding panic, and should communicate safety without obscuring the seriousness of a potential incident.
If someone has a heart attack in the middle of the service, the security team and pastoral staff should have written scripts that communicate clearly what congregants ought to do, where they ought to go, and when they will receive their next communication.
While your pastor doesn’t have incident command, this doesn’t mean that he isn’t responsible for managing the church on behalf of the security team.
The church will be looking to the pastor to communicate to them exactly what to do in an emergency.
Ideally, if an emergency occurs in-service that requires evacuation or immediate attention, the pastor would either utilize a script written by the security team or quickly hand off the stage to a designated security staff member who would take point publicly to direct members about what they ought to do.
You need to write a church safety protocol for possible common issues in your church. To do this, you should either hire a security consultant or find both a law enforcement and fire professional in your church to help you do the three things:
Proactively ask trustworthy individuals in your church to join and train the safety team.
These individuals don’t need to be police or fire professionals, but the team should be trained and overseen by someone who meets two qualifications:
Your team should accomplish two things:
Once you have recruited and trained your team with your team lead, you should hold monthly or quarterly incident reports and vulnerability analyses to see how the team and protocol can be optimized.
Your church security team leader and pastor should liaison with local police and fire departments to develop a positive working relationship with them.
This can be as simple as buying lunch for the local department once a quarter and asking to meet with a point person from the department to share your incidents and vulnerabilities.
When you establish a positive working relationship with your local police and fire departments, you should communicate this positive relationship to your church. When members know that the police are present and friendly with the church, it deters potential security threats and it gives members a sense of safety and security within the church.
You should minimally purchase three things:
Security cameras can detect, deter, and document potential security threats providing an additional layer of protection against liability.
A two-way radio communications technology enables your church security team and church staff to quickly and accurately communicate with other security personnel and church staff is absolutely essential when responding to potential security/safety issues.
At a minimum the following people or groups should the ability to communicate in “real time”:
An AED is a lightweight, battery-operated, portable device that checks the heart’s rhythm and sends a shock to the heart to restore a normal rhythm.
It is important that whenever there is an event at church, there is always someone available who is trained by the security team to use the AED.
If people don’t feel like their kids are safe at church, they’re not going to come to your church.
This is a vital component to creating a church check-in station.
Make sure that you have printable child security tag stickers that you can place on children when they check in so that only the parent with the receipt can pick up their child.
Make sure that nobody works with children who doesn’t undergo an in-depth background check to ensure that they are trustworthy and aren’t withholding any relevant personal information from the church.
If there is any such thing as a #1 security priority for a church, it is protecting the children. If you fail to prioritize this concern, the adults will not want to attend and your church will not grow.
When people think of church safety and security issues, they often think of shootings, protests, and fires. But there are common issues over which the church safety and security team should take ownership that does not seem urgent, but are very serious.
Three primary examples of these commonly overlooked safety and security issues are:
If one member has an order of protection against another member, it falls on the security team to manage that situation and communicate with the appropriate parties to ensure that nothing unlawful occurs. Taking these measures is a way of deescalating an unfortunate situation and ensuring member safety.
If there is a custody dispute between parents, the church safety and security team should oversee child custody so that no fraudulent exchange of care can occur. One way of accomplishing this is requiring the parent who picks up a child to be the same parent who dropped them off. It’s possible that a parent might appeal to an emergency situation to retrieve their child from child care, but the response should be: “We have a protocol in place to keep the children safe in emergency situations. The original parent who dropped off the child still needs to be the parent who picks them up.”
Mental health issues are increasingly common, which can sometimes cause harassment, inclination toward violence, or self-harm. The church safety and security team should take a proactive role in partnering with the pastoral staff to help those with mental health issues to access the help they need, as well as deter those with these issues from causing any harm in the church.
One of the most common security concerns at a church is, sadly, people stealing from the offering plates.
One easy way to secure against this possibility is to use a digital giving software like Tithe.ly’s giving platform (which is completely free), or even better, Tithe.ly’s ChMS, which allows you to manage child check-ins, giving, and event management from a single platform.
Pastors are sometimes reluctant to involve church security staff who are police officers because they fear that the first act of police will be to make an arrest, which could create drama in the church.
It’s easy for church leaders to think that they are not involving the security team in potential incident cases is better for the church.
It is not.
Police are trained to deescalate situations.
Police-trained church security staff are often the best people to be involved in a situation, make contact with those involved in incidents, and discretely track incident data.
One great tool for this is Tithe.ly ChMS.
Tithe.ly ChMS is a full-service member management software that allows church leaders and staff to manage who checked in at church, write private incident reports, and display member-specific data that tracks the overall health of every individual in the church.
It is the pastor’s job to ensure that a security team is in place and following this 6-step procedure to protect the physical safety and financial integrity of everyone in the church building:
Don’t roll the dice on church security.
Don’t throw a Hail Mary on your church’s safety when you could easily take steps to mitigate 90% of common security risks.
If you haven’t followed these 15 steps, then as a pastor, that’s your job today.
Author: Paul Maxwell, Ph.D., is the Content Strategist at Tithe.ly. He lives in Fishers, IN with his beautiful wife and rowdy wheaten terrier.